The sun provides us with free energy, which we call solar energy. There has been an upsurge in demand for renewable energy sources in recent years. Solar energy is non-polluting and safe for the environment. Many countries are putting their money into solar energy to provide valuable electrical energy.
Solar cells (photovoltaic cells) can convert solar energy directly into electricity. When light hits the junction between a metal and a semiconductor (such as silicon) or between two separate semiconductors in such cells, a small electric voltage is created. A single solar cell typically produces only approximately two watts of power.
Such solar panels must be installed on the top of your house, where the most sunshine is accessible during the day. Adjustable, fixed, and tracking solar panel array mountings are the three types of solar panel array mountings available. You can select the best solar panel mount based on your needs. Solar panel mounts that track the sun are more efficient because they may shift in the sun’s direction.
The solar charge controller is attached to the solar panel. The charge controller regulates the battery’s charging and protects it from overcharging. It also stops the current from flowing backward during the night when there is no charging.
The charge controller is connected to the battery. If the battery is not fully charged, it will begin to charge in the presence of sunlight. The charging procedure ends when the battery is fully charged and resumes when the indication indicates that the battery needs to be charged.
The power provided by the battery is 12-volt DC, which you must convert to AC before using it to power your home equipment. You’ll need to install a power inverter to convert the DC from the battery to AC to support your home electronics. On the market, there are several distinct types of power inverters.
Thus, generating electrical energy from solar energy begins with the solar cells collecting sunlight and proceeds through the phases outlined above.